Medical marijuana is largely used in the United States specifically for the management of chronic pain. Even though the drug is not legal in all the states, several individuals and institutions still recommend the use of medical marijuana mainly because of the positive feedback from other users. It is important to note that the evidence on the effectiveness of medical marijuana is highly incongruent and inconclusive. The lack of common research conclusion is attributed to lack of partnerships or collaboration among research institutions and scientists that would have ensured that all interested research participants work on a common research goal. Furthermore, the debate on whether marijuana should be legalized has also discouraged investments in research. Despite the limited evidence on the benefits of medical marijuana this essay seeks insights on why medical marijuana should be legal.
According to Kane et al. (2021) individuals have continued to experiment with marijuana in different forms and the short-term benefits guaranteed have continued to make the drug popular, especially for pain management. Kane et al. (2021) further states that unlike opioids which are also used for pain management and have been proven to be addictive when used for a long time, medical marijuana is safer. These statements are proof that medical marijuana is actually beneficial. Consequently, there is need to have a legal framework guiding the use of medical marijuana in order to prevent individuals from abusing the drug. Furthermore, legalizing medical marijuana will also help to control access and use of the drug through effective policies and laws.
Legalizing medical marijuana will create a bigger platform for investments in research that will help in developing a standard dose of the drug. According to Wheeler and Hagemann (2018) the use of medical marijuana is not just limited to pain management but other medical conditions like depression and anxiety. Most people opposing the legalization of medical marijuana are guided by the belief that making the drug legal will increase the likelihood of individuals abusing the drug. Nonetheless, people abuse the drug because the lack of standard doses tempts them to increase the quantity of medical marijuana consumed with the hope of maximizing its effectiveness. Unfortunately, some people develop a cycle of abuse when using medical marijuana and they eventually begin to experiment with other drugs (Wheeler & Hagemann, 2018). If medical marijuana was legal then medical institutions would have partnered through research and developed standard doses for different ailments thus avoiding such negative consequences.
Legalizing medical marijuana will help to increase revenue streams for the country which is currently getting lost through illegal marijuana trade. Medical marijuana is classified as a Schedule I controlled substance by the federal government and this makes it illegal to possess the drug while limiting individuals’ and institutions’ quest to determine its medical benefits through research (Lombardi et al., 2020). However, the limits have not stopped people from accessing and using the drug. In fact, making marijuana illegal has opened loopholes for illegal trade to flourish to the detriment of the health and economy of the country. Thus, legalizing the drug will help to redirect proceeds from marijuana business into the country’s economy.
Despite the limited research on the benefits of medical marijuana, there is need to legalize the drug since the proceeds from marijuana business can help to boost the country’s economy. Legalizing will also reduce the likelihood of marijuana abuse through the development of standard doses informed by research. Furthermore, people have continued to use the drug for pain management and issues like depression and anxiety and the benefits realized have continued to make marijuana popular. Thus, there is need to legalize medical marijuana so that effective policies and legal frameworks guiding its use can also be developed.
Kane, T., Flood, C., Oluwato, T., Pan, Q., & Zilbermint, M. (2021). Expanding legal treatment options for medical marijuana in the State of Louisiana. Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives, 11(3), 343-349.
Lombardi, E., Gunter, J., & Tanner, E. (2020). Ohio physician attitudes toward medical Cannabis and Ohio’s medical marijuana program. Journal of Cannabis Research, 2(1), 1-9.
Wheeler, J. S., & Hagemann, T. M. (2018). Medical marijuana in the United States: Historical perspectives, legal considerations, and professional obligations of the pharmacist. Journal of the American College of Clinical Pharmacy, 1(1), e9-e16.